hLe 19 septembre 2006 : Un travail bénévole de S. M. que nous remercions vivement.

TOUT EN BAS! Ascenseur express

english

Tin : known economically workable deposits will be exhausted in 2028

environnement, nature, vert, écologie, biologique, planète Terre

 

The dreaded  billbook that shatters the man in thestreet

2012 : end of terbium
2018 :
end of hafnium
2021 :
end of silver
end of gold
end of zinc
2028 :
end of tin
2030 : end of lead
2038 :
end of tantalum
2039 :
end of copper
2040 :
end of uranium
2048 :
end of nickel
2050 : end of oil
2064 :
end of platinum
2072 :
end of natural gas
2087 : end of iron
2139 : end of aluminium
2158 : end of coal

When will beans run out?

Tin is a chemical element, of group 14 in the periodic table, with symbol Sn (from the Latin stannum) and atomic number 50.

This metal is the ninth non-renewable resource set to disappear thanks to intensive exploitation by mankind.

Remaining workable deposits are estimated at 6.1 million tonnes.

June 2008: at current rates of production, 300,000 tonnes per year, deposits will last 20 years.

Extractable deposits of tin will therefore disappear for good in 2028.

This date is only a rough indication. Sources differ, and it could change with the evolution of our civilisation.

A third of all tin produced is used in welding and another third in the manufacture of tin-plate. It is also used in the chemicals industry and in various alloys.

Problems arising from its disappearance will start to make themselves felt well before this fateful date.

Of course, there will still be tin in the ground, but in extremely diluted form, rendering extraction impossible.

Even if, thanks to advances in technology, we find new deposits by digging deeper and deeper into the Earth"s crust, this will afford us only a few years"reprieve and will not make a major impact on the situation.

Tin was created when a star exploded and the Sun and the Earth were formed from the debris, over five billion years ago.

You cannot produce it artificially and there is no substitute. The Moon and the asteroids do not contain the metal in an extractable form. And just imagine the energy it would take to bring some back from Mars or Venus!

There will still be recycling but demand, which will keep growing exponentially with the development of the emerging economies, will far outstrip supply.

China possesses 28% of known world reserves, Malaysia 17%, Indonesia 13%, Peru 12% and Brazil 9%.

 

To learn more about tin, see: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Tin

 

 

Translation : Nicholas Rose

 

ressources

ressourcesDon"t miss reading Point of view by Michel Walter, a programme for the end of our civilisation of wastage.

S. M., le 23 janvier 2007

Bonobo : Qu'est-ce que c'est que ce binz? Anne Esperet

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environnement, nature, vert, écologie, biologique, planète TerreAutomatic translation in English of the 32000 pages of the french site SOS-planete

environnement, nature, écologique , bioProjected dates for the exhaustion of exploitable natural resources at current consumption rates

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